Grammar. How to Build a Sentence in English

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Constructing a grammatically correct sentence is the foundation of effective communication in English. Whether you're writing an essay, having a conversation, or sending an email, knowing how to structure sentences properly is essential. In this article, we'll explore the step-by-step process of building a sentence in English.

1. Start with a Subject:

Every sentence needs a subject, which is the person, place, thing, or idea that the sentence is about. The subject is typically a noun or a pronoun.


  • Mary loves to read novels.
  • They are going to the park.

2. Add a Verb:

The verb is the action or state of being in the sentence. It tells us what the subject is doing or what is happening to the subject. Verbs can be action verbs (e.g., run, eat, sleep) or linking verbs (e.g., is, are, feel).


  • Mary loves to read novels.
  • They are going to the park.

3. Include Objects or Complements:

Depending on the verb used, you may need to include objects or complements in the sentence. Objects receive the action of the verb, while complements provide additional information about the subject or object.


  • Mary loves to read novels.
  • They are going to the park today.

4. Consider Adding Modifiers:

Modifiers are words or phrases that provide additional information about other elements in the sentence, such as adjectives (describe nouns) or adverbs (describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs).


  • Mary loves to read mystery novels.
  • They are going to the park quickly.

5. Pay Attention to Sentence Structure:

English sentences typically follow a Subject-Verb-Object (SVO) structure, but variations exist depending on the type of sentence and additional elements included. It's essential to ensure that the elements of the sentence are arranged logically and clearly.


  • Subject-Verb-Object: Mary loves novels.
  • Subject-Verb-Adverbial: They are going quickly.

6. Use Punctuation Correctly:

Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, question marks, and exclamation marks help organize and clarify the meaning of a sentence. Pay attention to punctuation rules to ensure clarity and coherence.


  • Mary loves novels.
  • Are they going to the park?

7. Review for Clarity and Conciseness:

After constructing the sentence, review it to ensure that it communicates your intended message clearly and concisely. Avoid wordiness and ambiguity by choosing precise language and eliminating unnecessary words or phrases.


  • Mary loves to read mystery novels.
  • They are quickly going to the park.

By following these steps and guidelines, you can effectively build grammatically correct sentences in English. Practice constructing sentences regularly, and pay attention to how native speakers use language in different contexts. With time and effort, you'll become more confident in your ability to communicate effectively in English.

April, 2024

Posted by Oxford Language Club

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