Grammar: Parts of Speech

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We can categorize English words into 9 basic types called "parts of speech" or "word classes". It's quite important to recognize parts of speech. This helps you to analyze sentences and understand them. It also helps you to construct good sentences.

Parts of Speech Table

This is a summary of the 9 parts of speech.

part of speechfunction or "job"example wordsexample sentences
Verbaction or state(to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, mustOxford English Club is a web site. I like Oxford English Club.
Nounthing or personpen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, JohnThis is my dog. He lives in my house. We live in London.
Adjectivedescribes a noungood, big, red, well, interestingMy dogs are big. I like big dogs.
Determinerlimits or "determines" a nouna/an, the, 2, some, manyI have two dogs and some rabbits.
Adverbdescribes a verb, adjective or adverbquickly, silently, well, badly, very, reallyMy dog eats quickly. When he is very hungry, he eats really quickly.
Pronounreplaces a nounI, you, he, she, someTara is Indian. She is beautiful.
Prepositionlinks a noun to another wordto, at, after, on, butWe went to school on Monday.
Conjunctionjoins clauses or sentences or wordsand, but, whenI like dogs and I like cats. I like cats and dogs. I like dogs but I don't like cats.
Interjectionshort exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentenceoh!, ouch!, hi!, wellOuch! That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don't know.
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